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[241], The commission was critiqued by Haitian groups for lacking Haitian civil society representation and accountability mechanisms. An estimated 26 million cubic yards (20 million cubic meters) remained, making most of the capital impassable,[244] and thousands of bodies remained in the rubble. There it caused flooding and 29 deaths according to local reporting. The situation was complicated by the lack of room on ramps for planes to unload their cargo, and some planes did not have enough fuel to leave. [232], President Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal offered interested Haitians free land in Senegal;[233] depending on how many respond to the offer, this could include up to an entire region. 15% of the camps had no basic protection services,[clarification needed] and 48% no health services. [274][276] The United Nations peacekeeping force, widely believed responsible for the cholera outbreak,[258] continues to refuse to accept responsibility,[277] however, they have launched a $2.2 billion initiative to combat cholera and the construction of a $17 million teaching hospital in Mirebalais which will employ 800 Haitians and treat 185,000 people. [192] The Canadian ship HMCS Athabaskan reached the area on 19 January,[193] and by 20 January some 250–300 Canadian personnel were assisting relief efforts in the town. Central Intelligence Agency. [61], In February 2010 Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings were severely damaged and needed to be demolished. Further casualties are thought to have been minimal since people had been sleeping in the open. [148] On 29 January 2010, a group of ten American Baptist missionaries from Idaho attempted to cross the Haiti-Dominican Republic border with 33 Haitian children. [56] Damage to the Port-au-Prince seaport[57] rendered the harbor unusable for immediate rescue operations; its container crane subsided severely at an angle because of weak foundations. [72], The earthquake also destroyed a nursing school in the capital and severely damaged the country's primary midwifery school. It extended HOPE II until 2020 under the Haiti Economic Lift Program Act. Describing the earthquake as a "catastrophe", Haiti's envoy to the US said the cost of the damage could run into billions. The public affairs office of the Red Cross disputed NPR and ProPublica's claims in an email, and claimed that their investigative report could cause an international incident. The strike-slip fault system in the region has two branches in Haiti, the Septentrional-Oriente fault in the north and the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault in the south; both its location and focal mechanism suggested that the January 2010 quake was caused by a rupture of the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault, which had been locked for 250 years, gathering stress. [82], President Préval and government ministers used police headquarters near the Toussaint L'Ouverture International Airport as their new base of operations, although their effectiveness was extremely limited; several parliamentarians were still trapped in the Presidential Palace, and offices and records had been destroyed. The quake damaged 294,383 homes and destroyed 106,000 of them. [106] On the first anniversary of the earthquake, 12 January 2011, Haitian Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive said the death toll from the quake was more than 316,000, raising the figures from previous estimates. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited Haiti on 16 January to survey the damage and stated that US$48 million had been raised already in the US to help Haiti recover. That's five times more than the total value of exports in 2012. I can only think that their priority must be somewhere else. General counsel for the American Red Cross, David Meltzer, provided investigators with the NGO's official statistics, but would not elaborate on them. [154][155], Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders; MSF) reported that the hospitals that had not been destroyed were overwhelmed by large numbers of seriously injured people. [136] The American Red Cross set a record for mobile donations, raising US$7 million in 24 hours when they allowed people to send US$10 donations by text messages. [196], Over the first weekend 130,000 food packets and 70,000 water containers were distributed to Haitians, as safe landing areas and distribution centers such as golf courses were secured. [276] Many camps remained at a risk for flooding and more than a third of the camps (108) were at risk for evictions. IDB. [159] Port-au-Prince, according to an international studies professor at the University of Miami, was ill-equipped before the disaster to sustain the number of people who had migrated there from the countryside over the past ten years to find work. In many cases land ownership was never officially registered. Gonaïves seaport in northern Haiti remained operational. They also worked to push the international community to recognize the wave of evictions from camps that started as early as three months after the earthquake and to put protections in place, but little was done in response. “Haiti Earthquake Facts and Figures,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. [129] Giving Children Hope worked to get much-needed medicines and supplies on the ground. [214] Following the meeting with Secretary Clinton, President Préval stated that the highest priorities in Haiti's recovery were establishing a working government, clearing roads, and ensuring the streets were cleared of bodies to improve sanitary conditions. At least 10 people were killed after a magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck near Haiti on Saturday night, according to Haiti's civil protection agency. [185], International rescue efforts were restricted by traffic congestion and blocked roads. [224] On 23 January 2010, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced that the federal government had lifted the limit on the amount of money allocated for matching individual donations to relief efforts,[225] and that the federal government would continue to match individual donations until 12 February 2010; by the deadline, Canadians had privately raised C$220 million. It was also just 10 miles from the capital of Port-au-Prince. Between 23 major charities, US$1.1 billion had been collected for Haiti for relief efforts, but only two percent of the money had been released. [97][98] Dr Evan Lyon of Partners in Health, working at the General Hospital in Port-au-Prince, claimed that misinformation and overblown reports of violence had hampered the delivery of aid and medical services. It was simply designed as a vehicle for donors to funnel multinationals' and NGOs' project contracts. According to a US Air Force captain who had coordinated flight schedules, nearly all groups sending aid insisted their shipment was urgent. There is no evidence of surface rupture; based on seismological, geological and ground deformation data, it is also thought that the earthquake did not involve significant lateral slip on the main Enriquillo fault. [63][64] The National Palace was severely damaged,[65][66] though President René Préval and his wife Elisabeth Delatour Préval escaped without injury. On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake-ravaged Haiti. An estimated 230,000 people were killed. Amongst the widespread devastation and damage throughout Port-au-Prince and elsewhere, vital infrastructure necessary to respond to the disaster was severely damaged or destroyed. After the earthquake struck, hundreds of planes rushed to Haiti without designated landing times. January 20: While multiple aftershocks are recorded soon after the initial quake, the U.S. Geological Service reports the strongest aftershock is a 5.9 temblor on January 20 that collapses many already damaged buildings. “Haiti Events of 2018,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. [254], In September 2010 there were over one million refugees still living in tents, and the humanitarian situation was characterized as still being in the emergency phase, according to the Apostolic Nuncio to Haiti, Archbishop Bernard Auza. [280] In a 2013 statement, the American Red Cross reported that almost all of the money collected for quake relief has been spent or is scheduled for making progress permanent by ensuring people can leave camps and return to stable communities, which includes building new homes, repairing homes, completing a new hospital and clinic, and signing an agreement for a second hospital. On 22 January, the United Nations noted that the emergency phase of the relief operation was drawing to a close, and on the following day, the Haitian government officially called off the search for survivors. ", "Haiti's Cholera Epidemic Not Waning; Vaccination to Begin", "Haiti, DR to eliminate cholera with $2.2 billion", "Cholera has struck more than 6% of Haitians", http://www.mspp.gouv.ht/site/downloads/Rapport%20%20Web%2012.08_Avec_Courbes_Departementales.pdf, Haiti Earthquake Response – Three -Year Update, "In Search of the Red Cross' $500 Million in Haiti Relief", "7 Years After Haiti's Earthquake, Millions Still Need Aid", "Debut Novels, New Books by Emma Hopper, Quan Barry and Dimitry Elias Léger", Illustration -Major earthquakes in the Caribbean since the 1600s and Haiti earthquake, Haiti Reconstruction: USAID Infrastructure Projects Have Had Mixed Results and Face Sustainability Challenges: Testimony before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, 9 October 2013, Aid-workers, academics and journalists discuss the social context of the earthquake and international response, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1908, We Are the World 25 for Haiti (YouTube edition), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2010_Haiti_earthquake&oldid=984632619, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from February 2011, Articles with dead external links from August 2013, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Haitian Creole-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 05:32. The toolkit would comprise building technology resources and best practices for consideration by the Haitian government with the goal of creating a more resilient infrastructure to prevent future losses of life. “Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. Encuentra fotos de stock perfectas e imágenes editoriales de noticias sobre Haiti Earthquake Damage en Getty Images. This is going to be a long slog."[216]. [49] Nearly two weeks later it was reported that the beach of the small fishing town of Petit Paradis was hit by a localised tsunami shortly after the earthquake, probably as a result of an underwater slide, and this was later confirmed by researchers. Subsequent natural disasters, such as Hurricane Matthew in 2016, have drastically set back its recovery. As a result of the 2010 earthquake, more than 400,000 Haitians continue to live in tents and experienced the storm without adequate shelter. [86] In the heat and humidity, corpses buried in rubble began to decompose and smell. Normally, credit cards charge a 1% to 3% fee for their use. “Global Humanitarian Overview 2017, Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. The International Charter on Space and Major Disasters was activated, allowing satellite imagery of affected regions to be shared with rescue and aid organizations. [69][101] Lt. Gen. P.K. The US military initially gave priority to military units in order to secure the airport, distribute aid, and provide security, but after that, incoming relief flights were cleared or rejected on a first-come, first-served basis. They call for more oversight of accountability of reconstruction plans, asking, "Why have only 94,000 transitional shelters been built to date despite a stated goal of 125,000 in the first year? [156][157] Running short of medical supplies, some teams had to work with any available resources, constructing splints out of cardboard and reusing latex gloves. ", "Two years on and Haiti's reconstruction proceeds at a 'snail's pace,' leaving half a million Haitians homeless – Oxfam America", "Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti » Blog Archive » Press Release: Two Years After The Earthquake, Where Did The Money Go? The first team to arrive in Port-au-Prince was ICE-SAR from Iceland, landing within 24 hours of the earthquake. “Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. [219] On 14 January, the US government announced it would give US$100 million to the aid effort and pledged that the people of Haiti "will not be forgotten". [217] In response to the earthquake, foreign governments offered badly needed financial aid. Haiti In Ruins: A Look Back At The 2010 Earthquake : The Picture Show NPR photographer David Gilkey and correspondent Jason Beaubien were among those who rushed to Haiti … [121] The Dominican Red Cross coordinated early medical relief in conjunction with the International Red Cross. 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