mammals of connecticut

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From 1989 to 1991, they were reintroduced from New Hampshire and by 2004 were established in northern Connecticut. Even before Connecticut was settled by Europeans, the moose population was never large, according to the DEP. Other factors are the mixture of young and mature forests, milder winters, and fewer predators. In the 1970s the price of bobcat pelts rose so much that state officials became concerned they would be overharvested and reclassified the bobcat as a protected furbearer, with no hunting or trapping seasons. In June 2007, a 500-pound bull moose collided head-on with a driver on the Merritt Parkway near Exit 37 in Stamford, Connecticut. [Stelloh, Tim, "Officials target deer in hunting proposal: New Canaan council hopes reduction will curb Lyme disease", article, "The Advocate" of Stamford, Connecticut, August 19, 2007, page A3] * Habitat da In Greenwich, Connecticut, the Greenwich Audubon Society's convert|600|acre|km2 of land have seen deer push out ground birds such as the ovenbird and black and white warbler. Even before Connecticut was settled by Europeans, the moose population was never large, according to the DEP. Limited food supply probably causes these migrations, although the exact causes are unknown. "'Porpoises (Order "Cetacea", Family "Phocoenidae")* Harbor porpoise ("Phocoena phocoena") — rare, but sometimes found off the coast "'Seals (Order "Carnivora", Family "Phocidae")* Harbor seal ("Phoca vitulina") — This is the only marine mammal regularly living in Connecticut; found mostly in the eastern part of the coast (where there were at least several hundred as of 2004), but also in the west; not uncommon around Hammonasset Beach State Park, around Sheffield Island and Smith's Reef in the Norwalk Islands, and they have been spotted off Stamford and Greenwich; [Desmarais, Paul, "Photo Journal" photo feature (caption of picture of two harbor seals in Norwalk), "The Advocate" of Stamford, Norwalk edition, p A11, March 18, 2008] found from late fall through mid spring, usually on isolated ledges and rocks; in the past, they may have been permanent residents, but sealers and fishermen who killed the seals to prevent competition probably stopped that; for the warmer months of the year, they migrate to the Maine coast. [ ] Web page titled "White-tailed Deer" at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] By the 1970s, the total state population was about 20,000, and up to 76,000 (a low estimate) in 2000.Fairfield County has the highest deer density in the state. Unlike coyotes, bobcats do not adapt well to nearby human populations; they prefer immature forests with a thick understory. From 1995 to 2006, there was an average of one collision a year of a moose and an automobile across the state, but in the first half of 2007, there were four. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. "'Porpoises (Order "Cetacea", Family "Phocoenidae")* Harbor porpoise ("Phocoena phocoena") — rare, but sometimes found off the coast "'Seals (Order "Carnivora", Family "Phocidae")* Harbor seal ("Phoca vitulina") — This is the only marine mammal regularly living in Connecticut; found mostly in the eastern part of the coast (where there were at least several hundred as of 2004), but also in the west; not uncommon around Hammonasset Beach State Park, around Sheffield Island and Smith's Reef in the Norwalk Islands, and they have been spotted off Stamford and Greenwich; [Desmarais, Paul, "Photo Journal" photo feature (caption of picture of two harbor seals in Norwalk), "The Advocate" of Stamford, Norwalk edition, p A11, March 18, 2008] found from late fall through mid spring, usually on isolated ledges and rocks; in the past, they may have been permanent residents, but sealers and fishermen who killed the seals to prevent competition probably stopped that; for the warmer months of the year, they migrate to the Maine coast. Early detection is important for the protection of Connecticut businesses and agriculture. From 1992 to 1998, two or three moose sightings were reported each year to the state Department of Environmental Protection, generally in the spring and fall. The state DEP encourages bear reports on its Web site. Unlike coyotes, bobcats do not adapt well to nearby human populations; they prefer immature forests with a thick understory. [Stelloh, Tim, "Officials target deer in hunting proposal: New Canaan council hopes reduction will curb Lyme disease", article, "The Advocate" of Stamford, Connecticut, August 19, 2007, page A3] * Habitat da In Greenwich, Connecticut, the Greenwich Audubon Society's convert|600|acre|km2 of land have seen deer push out ground birds such as the ovenbird and black and white warbler. On October 4, 2007 a 700-pound bull moose was shot and killed by town of Fairfield, Connecticut police when it wandered too close to the Merritt Parkway. The greatest threat facing least shrews in the state is is land development along the coast which limits the land available for the species and isolates breeding populations. [Parry, Wynne, "More coyotes may be on the prowl in the area", "The Advocate" of Stamford, Connecticut, November 23, 2007, pp 1, A4 Norwalk edition] * Gray wolf ("Canis lupus") — extirpated in Connecticut in the nineteenth century; deliberately killed by early settlers, but the population also was hurt by the reduction of its food supply (largely deer); some taxonomists say the wolf that used to inhabit Connecticut was actually the eastern Canadian wolf ("Canis lycaon")* Red fox ("Vulpes vulpes") — a native species to New England, but it probably interbred with red foxes introduced from Europe; the hybrid is now thought to be the only type in Connecticut; [ [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=326072&depNav_GID=1655] Web page titled "Red Fox" at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] tends to be absent where coyotes are regularly present; prefers habitats with a mixture of fields and forest edges* Gray fox ("Urocyon cinereoargenteus") — fairly common, but less so than the Red fox; it tends to inhabit denser forests than the Red fox; the population has been growing for the past century with reforestation in the state the main cause; in the Connecticut, the normal home range for a fox is about two to four square miles, but abundance or lack of food supplies can change that [ [ ] Web page titled "Gray Fox" at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] Bears (Order "Carnivora", Family "Ursidae")* Black bear ("Ursus americanus") — rare in most of the state, but fairly common in Litchfield and Hartford counties in the northwestern and north central parts of the state; bears have expanded from their core habitat in the state's northwestern hills; in 2002 the population was probably above 100 and growing, Geoffrey Hammerson wrote in "Connecticut Wildlife: Biodiversity, Natural History, and Conservation", but state wildlife biologists for the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection estimated in 2008 that there were more than 300 in the state, with the population growing by about 15 to 20 percent a year. [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=325968&depNav_GID=1655] Web page titled "Black Bear> at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] Since then sightings have increased dramatically. * Gray Seal ("Halichoerus grypus") — occasionally seen in Long Island Sound but usually lives farther northee also* Fauna of Connecticut* List of Connecticut birds* Flora of Connecticut* Long Island Sound for an extensive list of various species* List of Massachusetts mammals* List of mammals in North America* Mammals of New England* List of mammals* List of regional mammals listsNotesExternal links* [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=325726&depNav_GID=1655&depNav=| Wildlife Web pages at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site], * Least Shrew ("Cryptotis parva") — rare in Connecticut, where the species reaches its eastern limit and close to its northern limit (it is also in central New York state); in this state, only found in coastal areas with high beach dunes and neighboring brackish marshes; [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=326034&depNav_GID=1655] Web page titled "Least Shrew", at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] ; all other shrews in the state have much longer tails (at least as long as the rest of their bodies) As of late 2007, the species was the only mammal listed on the Connecticut endangered species list, [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=326210&depNav_GID=1655] Web page titled "Endangered and Threatened Species Fact Sheets", at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site, retrieved December 30, 2007] and it was the first mammal ever put on the list. A few days later, a 500-pound female was short and killed in Waterbury when it approached a highway entrance ramp. There is no hunting season for bears in the state. The deer have devastated species of plants once abundant on the Audubon group's land and ravaged low-lying vegetation, including hickory and hemlock saplings. * New England Cottontail ("Sylvilagus transitionalis") — native but now relatively uncommon since in most places the Eastern cottontail has replaced it; it appears to be more common in the west-central and southeastern parts of the state; generally found in shrubby wetlands and forests with dense plant life near the ground. In the 1970s the price of bobcat pelts rose so much that state officials became concerned they would be overharvested and reclassified the bobcat as a protected furbearer, with no hunting or trapping seasons. ""'Raccoons and relatives (Order "Carnivora", Family "Procyonidae")* Raccoon ("Procyon lotor") — found near lakes, ponds, marshes and streams; a rabies epidemic devastated the population in the state in the earlhy 1990s, killing as much as 75 percent of the population; raccoon rabies still remains in Connecticut, with about 200 cases a year as of 2004, and including skunk and cat infections as well as raccoons; rabies cases should be reported to police or animal control officialsWeasels, Otters, and Skunks (Order "Carnivora", Families "Mustelidae", "Mephitidae")* River otter ("Lontra canadensis") — previously scarce, but now somewhat common in the state; found in many lakes and large ponds* Mink ("Mustela vison") — rather common in streams, ponds, lakes and marshes; large minks are now extinct but may have lived along the coast of the state in the nineteenth century* Long-tailed weasel ("Mustela frenata") — Like the ermine (or "short-tailed weasel"), fairly common in woods and thickets and near stone walls; especially near rivers and streams* Ermine or Short-tailed weasel ("Mustela erminea") — Like the Long-tailed weasel, fairly common in woods and thickets and near stone walls; especially near rivers and streams * American marten ("Martes americana") — one recent (as of 2004) road-kill in New Hartford, Connecticut (in the north-central to northwest part of the state) was the first certain evidence that the species occurs in Connecticut* Fisher (animal) ("Martes pennanti") — Fishers live in large, thickly wooded forests; the species was extirpated from southern New England when forests were cleared and was absent for more than a century. * Gray Seal ("Halichoerus grypus") — occasionally seen in Long Island Sound but usually lives farther northee also* Fauna of Connecticut* List of Connecticut birds* Flora of Connecticut* Long Island Sound for an extensive list of various species* List of Massachusetts mammals* List of mammals in North America* Mammals of New England* List of mammals* List of regional mammals listsNotesExternal links* [http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2723&q=325726&depNav_GID=1655&depNav=| Wildlife Web pages at the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Web site], Fairfield County has the highest deer density in the state. Benson, Judy, "State biologists keep track of bear population", article originally published by "Hartford Courant"; distributed by the Associated Press; article found in "The Advocate" of Stamford, Connecticut, March 23, 2008, p A14] they were extirpated from the state by 1840, but the DEP had hard evidence of a resident population in the 1980s. Benson, Judy, "State biologists keep track of bear population", article originally published by "Hartford Courant"; distributed by the Associated Press; article found in "The Advocate" of Stamford, Connecticut, March 23, 2008, p A14] they were extirpated from the state by 1840, but the DEP had hard evidence of a resident population in the 1980s. Mice to large bears and mountain lions lost their habitats and were greatly reduced or from..., porcupines, birds, and fewer predators is no hunting season for in! Bear reports on its Web site Connecticut snakes are often maligned but not. 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