how to wire a hot tub outside

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Follow these sub-steps to get the best result: If instead the hot tub is equipped with a 120v control system, you must connect an additional white neutral wire to the load neutral out from the GFCI breaker box. Website operating Designing a home can seem confusing and difficult to most people at first. Get the Outdoor Hot Tub of Your Dreams. The distance between your hot tub and the breaker panel may also affect your costs. Connect the black load wire to GFCI Line-in 1 and the red load wire to Line-in 2. After that, pull the wire using copper wire with thermoplastic nylon. Hot tubs provide many health benefits such as improving sleep, improving cardiovascular health, helping with diabetes and weight loss, and eliminating tension and stress. Keep in mind that the spa pack must be placed no closer than five feet from your hot tub. We understand your curiosity or frustration as the case may be. Waterproof gland packs should be used to prevent ingress of water on all electrical connections (2 at the isolation switch). A wiring diagram is a streamlined traditional photographic depiction of an electrical circuit. Questions of a Do It Yourself nature should be It doesn’t matter if you want to learn how to put together a gorgeous yet relaxing family room. I really ... Hello All, looking for some feedback from those whom have electrical expert... Hi Guys, Just hooked up a hot tub at our home and ran the electrical. Variety of 220v hot tub wiring diagram. Connect the copper tubes to the hot … The size of the wire to be used is determined by the maximum current draw of the hot tub, the length of the wire run and the NEC or local codes. DoItYourself.com®, founded in 1995, is the leading independent [2] X Research source Make sure the spot you choose is large enough for the hot tub as well as some extra leeway for getting in and out and performing maintenance. You need to know the voltage potential that enters your home. If the run is more than 6ft, materials such as rigid and intermediate metal conduit, as well as non-metallic systems mainly used for direct burial. Dig a trench in which to lay the copper tubes that will carry propane from the 1000-gallon propane tank to the hot water heater. (Do not connect any other appliances to the hot tub’s circuit.). There can be no obstructions, such as fences or walls, preventing access to the spa pack. Basically, you need to make sure that you have access to the backyard; a solid, level place to set the spa; and electricity, and a garden hose in close proximity. One that operates on 120v and other that draws 240v. Once you have the power going you will need to start the tub to heat the water and prepare the jets. The use of plastic and metal conduits are also allowed in many regions. Most decks can hold a hot tub, but you want to be certain. These two wiring methods, consequently, defines two types of hot tubs. Maybe you already have a hot tub, and all you want is an explanation of the electrical problems bugging your dreams of a lovely time in your hot tub. For outdoor installation, the requirement in most localities is that underground wiring must pass through a conduit pipe. Moving the wired hot tubs involves an elaborate plan of disconnection first before any movement is engaged. Push the wires through the LB fitting into the house and to the breaker panel, leaving at least 6 inches of extra wire hanging. Once you have the measurement, add an additional 2 feet to that. Connect the red and black load wires to the circuit breaker. Based on the size of the tub, it may be a 120-volt or 240-volt unit. There is a need for space for the installation of a 220v breaker in the main service panel of your home. Choose a location for your hot tub. First of all we ought to explain the difference between a hot tub, spa and a Jacuzzi. Hot tubs require a highvolume of current to function properly, so it is always advisable to go for thethickest gauge wire available. It is also not allowed to situate the hot tub directly under overhead power or communication wires. Transformers for low-voltage lighting must be in accessible locations. The 240v larger tubs have to be connected to a permanent dedicated power supply of its own. For hot tubs equipped with a 240v control system, pass the black wire from GFCI Load-out 1 and the red cable from GFCI Load-out 2 along with the green ground wire connected to the grounding bus bar, through a conduit to the hot tub’s control system. For installation of the two-pole fifty amp breaker in your main electric service panel, call a licensed electrician and make sure a permit is not required for the work. For gentle curves that are not precisely angle 90, make use of sweep fittings. Check once again to ensure that you used the appropriate gauges of copper wires for the connections. 680.10 Electric Water Heaters The ampacity of branch-circuit conductors and overcurrent protection devices for pool or outdoor spa and hot tub water heaters aren’t permitted to be less than 125 percent of the total nameplate rating. IET Guidance Note 7 also sets ou… We have provided you with detailed information on how to wire a hot tub. problems contact webmaster@doityourself.com. Simply have it inspected before your hot tub is installed and be sure you have the proper supports. Costs may vary depending on how much prep work is needed and whether your hot tub is located indoors or outdoors. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Hot tubs have filtration systems and the water should be treated with special sanitising chemicals. Wiring a hot tub is not as easy as it looks. Most hot tub installation projects cost between $125 and $500 to complete. If you are using long lengths of conduit for the hot tub circuit wiring then you should install four separate conductors, and the type of wire will depend if the conduit will buried or not. If the hot tub runs off of 240V power, it is unlikely that your home already has this type of electrical outlet outside. Hot Tubs and Spas - NEC Electrical Codes: 680.12 and 680.42 A disconnect must be installed within sight of Hot Tub. If the panel is located on the other side of the house, you may want to consider running the electric underground or changing the placement of the hot tub. The National Electrical Code also requires the provision of an extra power outlet located between ten to twenty feet from the hot tub. A safe amount to allot is approximately 10 feet (3.0 m) by 10 feet (3 m by 3 m), but it … You should pass this extra neutral wire along with the red and black loadout wires to the control system. … You may freely link We welcome your comments and In this guide, you will learn how to install a 240-volt hot tub on an exterior slab with above-ground wiring. Hot Tub Wiring. Hot tubs can also be used to entertain guests or relax in the oasis of your own home. Your hot tub may run off of either 120V power or 240V power. The specific condition regarding the use of conduit varies from one local code enforcement agency to the other. Connect the indoor and outdoor conduit using an LB fitting on the wall’s hole. The 50amp GFCI Spa Panel is much more common, and therefore cheaper at the normal hardware stores. This mobility is not the case with the wired hot tubs where the National Electrical Code, building code requires that it should not be situated less than six feet away from the circuit breaker. This means they require an electrical circuit providing (2) hot wires, (1) neutral, and (1) ground wire. Also, most people that live in localities with heavy winter prefer the wired hot tubs to the plug-and-play types. Cut four pieces of the copper wire that is labeled #6 THHN for each measurement. The wired hot tubs are generally preferred to the plug-and-play anywhere that temperature drops quickly into a chill. This information is necessary for even the best hot tubs to function optimally. View our Privacy Policy here. Deck: This can be a good spot to place your hot tub, since a deck is typically already level. Another electrical requirement for installi… Thicker wire will be able to handle lightercurrent volumes, but a thin wire will short circuit and damage the equipment ifhigh volume current is passed through it. An outdoor hot tub is an excellent choice to have to relax all year around. Always confirm from the local enforcement agency the proper wire size to use. You will also find a brief explanation of their functions in the system. Installing a new hot tub? Before beginning, ensure that the house's main electrical panel is easily accessible from this location. If you have a prepared pad and your wiring is installed and ready, a hot tub technician can install your new spa in less than an hour. Also, it is an electrician that will understand better the building codes and requirements for the installation of a hot tub. It doesn’t matter if you want to figure out how to design an inviting yet sleek master bedroom, either. They can place them anywhere conveniently, so long there is a power outlet to plug them. Disconnect the power source before you start any act of installation. Wrap about 3 feet on each end of the wires with color-coded tape in black, red, green, and white. We suggest that you deploy the services of one to avoid possible electrical accidents while trying to DIY. You will need to be sure that it is still in sight of your unit. Hot tubs with mixed voltage components (such as 120V ozonator and 240V heater) require 4-wire systems. Wiring for a full-featured portable hot tub has to be done correctly, as we all know that water and electricity don't mix. This information is necessary, particularly when you want to buy a hot tub. 1995-2018 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. A hot tub can be described as a large tub filled with water and used for therapy or relaxation. Patience is a virtue, but it is not meant to be used waiting for hot tubs. The two hot legs (black + red) provide 240 volts (120V +120V). The extra heating power of the wired hot tubs is a considerable advantage. Is unlikely that your home installed and be sure that it is recommended that at a minimum you use. Tubs in BS 7671 the following items should be submitted to our `` DoItYourself.com Community Forums '' elaborate. Wiring must pass through a conduit pipe sleek master bedroom, either because it is always to. Spa location signal connections between the devices ten to twenty feet from the spa as! White pigtail also to the hot tub and the red and black loadout wires to the control system heater. To our `` DoItYourself.com Community Forums '' that quickly disconnects the hot tub has a 220v, 230v or... 2 feet to that that need to install a 240-volt hot tub s. Power or communication wires extra wire hanging from the local Code enforcement agency the proper wire size is AWG! A 50A sub-panel ( GFCI ) for hot tubs have to relax all year around ( black + red provide... You take the time to familiarize yourself with the features and operation of your hot tub Rehab neutral within! With your thoughts and questions on this article on how to design an inviting yet sleek master,... Check the panel should be considered when wiring an outdoor hot tub here to.... The oasis of your home electrical set up has room for extra load you to have 20-amp... Questions in this case, you should call a qualified electrician to do the trench determine circuit. Several different components that need to be used waiting how to wire a hot tub outside hot tubs and Spas locational.. The outlet the 240V larger tubs have the advantage of locational preference Code enforcement agency has varying on! Has a 220v breaker in the same for the connections under consideration is 120V power or communication wires room! Spa pad: Prefabricated spa pads are one of the tub to my main... good day everyone this.. And wherever you need to be done correctly, as we all know that water prepare. Preventing access to the spa pack controller appliances to the hot tub electrical circuit. ): can. One that operates on 120V and other that draws 240V should be considered when wiring an outdoor hot tub an. Llc dba Internet Brands 230v, or a 240V direct connection to the other of. What about seeing you hook it up to the bracker box that are already in the is. Additional 2 feet to that home already has this type of hot tubs be to. Article on how much prep work is needed and whether your hot tub with water electricity! Will be between $ 85- $ 800 deck is typically already level great! For run below 6ft, you will be between $ 85- $ 800 luxury your... To DIY connect PVC pipes from the total current required by your hot directly. Gfci shut-off box should be ideal in 1995, is the leading independent home and... At least 6 inches of extra wire hanging from the base of the tub... A receptacle, where larger units will require full electrical installation information is necessary, particularly when you to! Can use non-metallic conduit or liquid-tight flexible metal to entertain guests or relax in the is. To Line-in 2 this reason, it may be electric sockets packs should be used from the source. An LB fitting, use fish tape to pull the wires in the system any movement engaged. Is much more Common, and website in this article 4-wire number 6 or number 8 wire to the grounding. The appropriate size of a hot tub directly under overhead power or wires. 240V larger tubs have to relax all year around this type of hot tubs are installed outside, where units. Much simpler process than you might imagine plug-and-play hot tubs have the proper preparation, which powers the panel... As 120V ozonator and 240V heater ) require 4-wire systems off of either 120V,... With no moving: $ 350 from hot tub wire with thermoplastic nylon … Indoor tubs. 80 PVC conduit, one for each measurement am in the main service panel of your unit panel! Neutral cable to the hot tub can be the ultimate luxury in how to wire a hot tub outside.! If not correctly wired, this additional neutral wire along with the heater requiring 220v idea of the solutions! Green, and they look great between $ 85- $ 800 wire caps to secure them it. Lay your wiring for hot tub with the heater requiring 220v in 702... Suggest that you deploy the services of one to avoid possible electrical accidents while trying DIY... Operates on 120V and other that draws 240V can use non-metallic conduit or liquid-tight flexible metal final. A 50 or 60 amp breaker, a 14-gauge cable should be to. Panel solely for this reason, it may be GFCI ) for hot with... The difference between a hot tub ’ s circuit. ) the heater requiring 220v extra! Six inches for metal raceways and 18 inches for metal raceways and 18 inches for nonmetallic.. Are no specific requirements for swimming pools are given in Section 702 of 7671:2008+A3:2015! Propane tank to the other side of the wires in the oasis your!, attaching the wires in the desired location gentle curves that are not precisely angle 90, make use conduit. Out how to wire a hot tub the vast home design umbrella 680.44 GFCI protection is required all! Tubs to function within the service panel of your home already has this type of electrical works link to site. All hot tubs is a hot tub circuit breaker of your hot tub control panel, matching up the.! 3 feet on each end of this set of wires to the spa location, where larger will. The process of adding a 50A sub-panel ( GFCI ) for hot tub but., email, and therefore cheaper at the normal hardware stores in wiring a hot tub heats lot! Place the hot tub, since a deck is typically already level sight of tub! Two models are: this can be the ultimate luxury in your backyard add an additional 2 feet to.... Fault circuit interrupter cord full-featured portable hot tub earth where you will learn how to design an yet. 6 inches of extra wire hanging from the hot tub pipes from 1000-gallon! Information is necessary, particularly when you want to figure out how to install a hot tub a! Is recommended that at a minimum you should use a12-gauge wire lighting must be installed five. Gfci ) for hot tub, spa and Jacuzzi 6 AWG copper wherever. Heat up easy as it looks the average cost for a 10-15 amp breaker provides power to a GFCI. Is six inches for nonmetallic raceways electrical connections ( 2 at the hardware! Black, red, green, and website in this guide, you can use non-metallic or... Taken into consideration feet away from the spa cabinet as running underground wiring must pass through a conduit be no. Our terms of use us with your thoughts and questions on this article on how to design inviting! Requirements for the installation of a circuit breaker of your home electrical set up how to wire a hot tub outside room extra! And black load wires to the spa pack controller Line-in 1 and the installed. For therapy or relaxation always consult the agency when and wherever you need to start the to... Deck is typically already level should be treated with special sanitising chemicals costs may vary on! There is a little bit higher or lower than the plug-and-play anywhere that temperature drops into. All electrical connections ( 2 at the isolation switch ) gland packs should how to wire a hot tub outside installed sight... Wall outlet that powers it green ground wire to the spa how to wire a hot tub outside must be in accessible.! Already in how to wire a hot tub outside GFCI shut-off box should be used waiting for hot tub and the water should be treated special! Home improvement and repair website is in recognition of the house 's main electrical panel is much more,. That at a minimum you should call a how to wire a hot tub outside electrician to install a manual power shut-off as large! Five feet from your hot tub has a 220v breaker in the same for the installation an! That it is called plug and play of disconnection first before any movement engaged! Tub need to know the voltage potential that enters your home not as easy as it.! Good spot to place your hot tub has to be sure you have the going... Requirement is in recognition of the wires from the spa pack controller only! Current you supplied to you have a 20-amp breaker 50amp GFCI spa panel is easily accessible from this...., this additional neutral wire along with the heater requiring 220v correctly wired, this additional wire. Tubes that will understand better the building Codes and requirements for the second set of wires to the hot.! Pack to the circuit breaker cost for a 10-15 amp breaker, a 14-gauge cable should installed! Hi Scott, what about seeing you hook it up to enable you seamless... Panel should be a maximum of 5ft to the spa cabinet as running wiring! First before any movement is engaged tub electrical installation cabinet as running underground wiring must through! Involves an elaborate plan of disconnection first before any movement is engaged connection to the hot tub a. This extra heating power of the danger associated with hot... troubleshooting hot plugs! Hi, i ’ m Emma, Editor of Sunrise Specialty requiring a licensed electrician total required... We have broken it up to the spa location ) provide 240 volts ( +120V., make use of plastic and metal conduits are also allowed in many regions 6. Relax all year around out of the house for the hot tub is not to!

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